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Impacts of agrofuels on the life of communities

Impacts of agrofuels on the life of communities


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By Carolina Amaya, Margarita Morales

The frequency of major storms and hurricanes in Central America has increased compared to the previous two decades. Extreme temperatures, droughts, and wildfires have also grown since the 1990s.

These impacts directly affect families living in extreme poverty and dependent on agriculture.

On the other hand, in Nicaragua, like the rest of the countries of the Central American region, it is experiencing a food crisis, which in turn is linked to the energy crisis and the search for "Alternative" fuels. Companies with their great lobbying and marketing strategies promote the false idea: healthy food for people and unhealthy food for vehicles. Thus, launching a smokescreen on the serious impacts on life that massively grow transgenic products to obtain biofuels, due to greenhouse gases and the genetic erosion they cause.


The government of Nicaragua and those of Central America and all the economic and social actors in the region must pose the problem in these terms: Agrofuels vs. Food, Agrofuels vs. Food Sovereignty and Security, GMOs vs. Biodiversity, Agrofuels and GMOs vs. Climate Change, Predatory Agriculture vs. Ecological and Sustainable Agriculture. [one]

How does climate injustice impact communities and people? There are two types of biofuels: ethanol, which is produced from sugar cane and corn; and biodiesel, which is produced from African palm and soybeans. El Salvador opted for the implementation of sugar cane monocultures.

In the west of the country there are faces that know very well the consequences of the implementation of sugarcane monocultures, climate injustice is embodied in those faces of rural populations. For approximately 2 decades, the lands of these communities have been used to cultivate sugarcane as the only alternative, which results in no diversification of crops for family consumption, thus removing the possibility of food sovereignty from the horizon.

In addition, there is also the threat of the growing use of agrochemicals to control pests, making fertile lands totally depleted and maturing so that large areas of land are profitable in the interests of the international market.

The use of these agrochemical products of well-known brands, made by large laboratories, are those that make people sick and kill biodiversity, as recently denounced by inhabitants of the aforementioned communities, who "concentrated in front of the Ministry of Health (MINSAL) to deliver a letter to the owner María Isabel Rodríguez, in which comprehensive care is required in the area due to the increase in cases of kidney failure. The residents assure that the accelerated increase in kidney diseases is the result of excessive use of agrochemicals by mills and owners of large lands dedicated to the cultivation of sugar cane ”[2].

This is one of at least three cases officially registered in three regions of the country, where people die from factors associated with the use of pesticides, die in poverty because they cannot access another type of employment or alternative that is not monoculture They die because their food is not adequate, because neoliberal policies weaken the state of well-being and people cannot access a comprehensive education.

With these insane scenarios, we have some questions: Is the support of a system based on the business more important than on the people who inhabit these territories?

Unfortunately, the answer is yes, as long as the governments of countries like ours, in the south, impoverished by the recipes of the northern countries, do not propose sovereignty through their laws, and while the north continues to prescribe adjustment programs, free trade agreements. , false solutions of monocultures, loans in exchange for sovereignty, the answer will remain yes. But also the voices of communities such as El Cocalito, El Triunfo, Morro Grande in the municipalities of Jujutla and Guaymango will continue to fight from their local and national contexts saying WE WANT JUSTICE!

Communities need decisions about the direction of our lives to be made by ordinary people, who assume their citizenship and become political subjects, our country and Central America need structural changes in the mode of production, distribution and consumption in all its phases. An urgent, serious and responsible change is needed that is aimed at achieving the good life of impoverished peoples, who today are the main affected by Climate Injustice.

Alainet


Video: David Barissa Ringa on Biofuels and Climate: The Indirect Land Use Change Challenge (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Evin

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  3. Aibne

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  4. Finnian

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